Pratyabhijna (प्रत्यभिज्ञा ) in Sanskrit means “Recognition”, is an idealistic monastic and theistic school of philosophy in Kashmir Shaivism, originating in the 9th century CE.

The name of the system is derived from its most famous work, Īśvara-pratyabhijñā-kārikā by Utpaladeva. Etymologically, Pratyabhijna is formed from prati- (“re-“) + abhi (preposition meaning “closely”) + *jñā (“to know”). So, the meaning is direct knowledge of one’s self, “Recognition” i.e. प्रत्यभिज्ञा .  Heart in Sanskrit is hṛdayam i.e. हृदयम